Turkish Airlines: Robust Growth in 2023

A Turkish Airlines A330 approaches to land.
Riik@mctr, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Turkish Airlines has reported its monthly performance for December 2023. The airline has also provided an overview of their performance across 2023, which saw the Turkish carrier enjoy a period of robust growth.

December 2023 Performance


Passenger Growth

In December 2023, Turkish Airlines witnessed a noticeable surge in passenger numbers, marking a 10.1% increase from the previous year.

A monthly total of 6.1 million passengers were carried, surpassing the 5.5 million recorded in December 2022.

International Momentum

The airline’s international-to-international passenger figures experienced an outstanding ascent, soaring by 19% to reach 2.6 million in December 2023.

This is a substantial leap from the 2.2 million passengers in the same period of 2022. Turkish Airlines continues to solidify its global presence with these impressive international travel statistics.

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Load Factor

While the overall load factor decreased slightly by 1.8 points to 79.8%, it’s essential to note the nuanced dynamics between international and domestic flights.

In December 2023, the load factor for international flights stood at 80%, while domestic flights maintained a robust 78.5% load factor. This indicates a strategic balance in optimizing seat occupancy.

Capacity Expansion

Turkish Airlines demonstrated its commitment to meeting growing demand by expanding its Available Seat Kilometres (ASK) by 19.4%, reaching a substantial 19.8 billion in December 2023.

This strategic move positions the airline to cater to an increasing number of passengers and reinforces its role as a key player in the aviation industry.

A Turkish Cargo Boeing 777 freighter approaches to land.
MarcelX42, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Cargo and Mail Milestones

In the cargo and mail transportation division, Turkish Airlines experienced a notable upswing. Cargo and mail carried during December 2023 increased by 15.8%, totaling 159.7 thousand tons.

This underlines the airline’s multi-faceted contribution to logistics and freight, playing a pivotal role in global supply chains.

Reflecting on the Year: 2023 in Numbers


As we widen our scope to the entire year of 2023, Turkish Airlines’ achievements become even more pronounced.

Impressive Passenger Growth

From January to December 2023, the total number of passengers carried escalated by an impressive 16.1%, reaching 83.4 million compared to 71.8 million in the same period of 2022.

This robust growth underscores the airline’s ability to consistently meet and exceed passenger expectations.

Turkish Airlines 300th aircraft approaches to land.
K.M.ABU BAKAR SIDDIQUE, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Global Expansion

The international-to-international passenger numbers witnessed a remarkable surge, growing by 27.1% to 29.8 million in the same January to December 2023 period.

This mirrors Turkish Airlines’ continuous efforts to connect the world through seamless and efficient air travel.

Load Factor

Turkish Airlines achieved a 1.9-point increase in its overall load factor, reaching an impressive 82.6% for the year.

Noteworthy is the balance between international and domestic flights, with an 82.4% load factor for international flights and a robust 84.3% for domestic flights.

Expanded Operational Capacity

The airline’s Available Seat Kilometres (ASK) grew by 16.4% to 234.8 billion during January to December 2023, compared to 201.8 billion in the same period of 2022.

Cargo and Mail Dynamics

While cargo and mail carried experienced a slight dip of 1.2% to 1.66 million tons, Turkish Airlines’ overall contribution to global cargo transportation remains significant.

The airline continues to play a pivotal role in the efficient movement of goods and materials across borders.

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Turkish Airlines has disclosed its performance across 2023, showing that the Turkish national flag carrier enjoyed a year of robust growth.
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