Indonesia plans merger of Garuda Indonesia, Citilink & Pelita Air

Garuda Indonesia aircraft parked at airport
Gunawan Kartapranata, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
By Len Varley - Assistant Editor 5 Min Read
5 Min Read

The Indonesian government is setting its sights on merging three state-owned airlines: Garuda Indonesia, Citilink, and Pelita Air.

Indonesia’s Minister for State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) Erick Thohir has announced the planned move to merge the country’s three state-operated airlines citing service enhancement and expense reduction as the driving factors.

The national news source Borneo Bulletin cited a statement by Minister Erick Thohir: “SOEs (State Owned Enterprises) need to keep bringing down costs. Pelindo has been merged from four companies into one.”

“We are also pushing for Pelita Air, Citilink and Garuda Indonesia to do the same to bring down costs as well,” explained the Minister.

A Garuda Airbus passes a parked Singapore Airlines aircraft.
Aldo Bidini (GFDL 1.2 or GFDL 1.2), via Wikimedia Commons

The Airlines in Focus


Garuda Indonesia: Proudly carrying the national flag of Indonesia, Garuda Indonesia stands as a prominent international airline boasting a colossal fleet of over 140 aircraft. With its extensive network, Garuda Indonesia is a vital connector between Indonesia and the world.

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Citilink: Serving as the low-cost subsidiary of Garuda Indonesia, Citilink has made its mark in the domestic flight scene with a fleet exceeding 100 aircraft. It efficiently caters to travelers seeking affordable air travel options within the country.

Pelita Air: The youngest contender in this triad, Pelita Air, emerged on the scene in 2022. With its fledgling fleet of 10 aircraft, the airline has been primarily engaged in domestic flights.

Photo Credit: David Hartong, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Photo Credit: ZidaneHartono, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

A Leaner, Stronger Industry


The government’s ambitious aspiration behind this merger is the creation of an airline industry that stands out in terms of efficiency and competitiveness.

By facilitating the sharing of resources and operations among the three airlines, cost-saving opportunities would be unlocked, elevating the economic viability of the industry.

This collaboration would also enable these airlines to more effectively challenge private sector competitors like Lion Air and Sriwijaya Air.

As of now, the merger is firmly in the planning stage, and the government has refrained from disclosing a concrete timeline for its execution.

Nonetheless, industry insiders are speculating that the amalgamation could potentially materialize within the next few years.

Voices of Praise and Caution


The impending merger has sparked a chorus of diverse opinions from experts in the field. While some laud it as a promising endeavor that could fortify the Indonesian airline industry, others voice their reservations, expressing concerns about possible job losses and a decline in market competition.

Potential Benefits

The unification of Garuda Indonesia, Citilink, and Pelita Air holds the promise of delivering a plethora of benefits to Indonesia’s aviation landscape:

Cost Savings: The synergy created by shared resources, such as aircraft, maintenance facilities, and personnel, could result in substantial cost reductions.

Enhanced Efficiency: Through coordinated flight schedules and a concerted effort to avoid overbooking, the airlines could significantly optimize their resource utilization.

Elevated Competition: The merger would propel the combined airline to a position of greater strength, enabling it to better challenge the competitive landscape. This could translate to lower airfares and heightened service quality for passengers.

Potential Challenges

Nonetheless, there exist certain hurdles on the path to a successful merger:

Workforce Adjustments: The consolidation of operations might entail workforce adjustments, raising concerns about potential job losses.

Diminished Competition: The amalgamated entity’s dominance could potentially stifle competition within the Indonesian airline sector.

Employee Apprehensions: Employees across the three airlines may harbor reservations, fearing potential job losses or reductions in their benefits.

In Conclusion


While the future remains uncertain, the Indonesian government’s determination to cultivate an aviation sector that is both streamlined and highly competitive is undeniably evident.

The consolidation of Garuda Indonesia, Citilink, and Pelita Air holds the promise of reshaping the industry’s dynamics, with the potential for substantial benefits and challenges alike.

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